1. A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
2. Nearness in space, time, or relationship.
Symbolic Proximity emerges from socially constructed ideals that have become internalized. These internalized ideals are necessary in accessing and participating in social spaces of power and inclusion, ultimately determining how close or how distant one is from a particular desired mark of acceptance. Entry into these spaces and sustained occupation of said spaces is achieved through education, aesthetics, materiality, consumption and social visibility and acceptability; traditional components linked to the image of White middle class respectability (Stoler, 1995, p. 190)
* Access and Equity
* The Contradictory Nature of Black Female Modes of Survival
* Sociology of Education, Social Psychology, Social Phenomenology; Sociology of Knowledge, Socialization
* Media and Popular Culture
* Race, Gender, and Class
University Of Ottawa
Multiculturailsm: The Illusion of Inclusion
Beyond Gang Exit
University Of Toronto
Being Black in White Insitutions